1er January marks the start of a new year which begins with several changes to the public transport networks in France. It is also an opportunity to project ourselves on the events to come throughout the year 2023.
The energy transition should be there with the commissioning of new low-carbon energy vehicles. But the renewal of the fleets will only be possible according to the budgetary means of the organizing authorities. The comparative study of the Centrale d’Achat du Transport Public (CATP), updated in November 2022, highlights the high total cost of ownership (TCO) of low-emission vehicles. This cost can be a brake on investments. The year 2023 should also be that of the approval in France of the first retrofitted buses and coaches.
In addition, the public transport offer can be restored to 100% if the general mobilization launched by the professional federations with the support of the State and Pôle Emploi makes it possible to alleviate the shortage of drivers.
Finally, the modal share of public transport will increase if coordinated policies are implemented to improve their attractiveness while regulating the use and parking of cars in the city.
The year 2023 will be punctuated by several major meetings for the public transport sector.
New infrastructures will be commissioned in 2023: in Bordeaux, extension of tram A to the airport in the spring, in Île-de-France commissioning of the T10 tram in the summer, in Angers inauguration in July of tram lines B and C…
Next March, the Nancy TVR will be definitively stopped, putting an end to this technology which will have been used only in Caen and Nancy.
Several trade shows are scheduled, such as the UITP Global Public Transport Summit in early June in Barcelona (Spain), the AGIR Days in June in Biarritz, Busworld in October in Brussels (Belgium) or even, also in October, the National Meetings of Public Transport in Clermont-Ferrand.
Network extensions and restructuring
Evolution of the scope of certain communities, change in regulations or even new operating contract, this beginning of the year is also an opportunity for certain public transport networks to implement some new features concerning the transport offer offered to users.
The municipality of Fatines (Sarthe) integrates the urban community of Le Mans Métropole. From January 3, 2023, the Setram public transport network is adapting with the creation of the 25 Express line.
The community of Gien municipalities (Loiret) is setting up two public transport lines in Gien at the start of 2023.
On the territory of Bernay and Menneval, two municipalities of the Intercom Bernay Terres de Normandie (Eure), the I’Bus service is launched on Monday January 2, 2023. It replaces the Bmob shuttle. The operator remains Keolis Normandie Seine.
In Tours, the buses on lines 66, 67, 69 and 70 of the FilBleu network will be replaced by coaches from January 3, 2023. Keolis Tours has purchased 8 Mercedes Intouro coaches from 2009.
In Amboise, from Monday January 2, 2023, the city is setting up a minimum public transport service. The municipality indicates that this service was previously operated by a carrier which is no longer able to operate it after December 31, 2022 due to a lack of technical and human resources on the territory. A call for tenders will be launched shortly to find a new service provider.
In Mâcon (Saône-et-Loire), peri-urban lines have been set up to serve towns that were not previously covered by the Tréma public transport network.
A new line is created on the Tisséo network in Toulouse: Linéo 11. It connects the Frouzins sports complex and the Basso Cambo metro station (line A). This high-level service line will run from 5 a.m. to 12:30 a.m. on weekdays and until 1 a.m. on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays at the rate of a bus every 9 minutes at peak times and 12 minutes at off-peak times.
The public transport offer on the territory of the agglomeration community of Ventoux – Comtat Venaissin is changing from Tuesday, January 3, 2023. The timetables and routes of the lines of the Trans’CoVe network are modified.
In Nice, the Lignes d’Azur network is adapting its transport offer. The operating hours of the tramway and certain bus lines are reduced. The schedules and routes of several lines are modified. A few lines with little traffic are canceled or replaced on certain days by demand-responsive transport.
In Strasbourg, the CTS removes the Robertsau shuttle due to a lack of attendance.
It is unquestionably in Île-de-France that the evolution of the tariff range has been the most commented on. The price of the monthly Navigo pass increases by 12% reaching 84.10 euros against 75.20 euros since July 2017. But this increase is not the only one, other titles in the Ile-de-France price range are also increasing, in particular the ticket sold on board now at 2.50 euros (to encourage advance purchase) and the weekly Navigo goes to 30 euros.
Fares are also on the rise in several provincial networks, such as in Amiens, Cannes, Grenoble, Lyon, Nice…
In the South region, the line tariff range is harmonized at regional level from 5 January 2023.
Employers are encouraged to contribute up to 75% of the cost of subscriptions (mandatory threshold is 50%).
Grand Avignon is lowering the prices of the Orizo network, in particular subscriptions and the 10-trip ticket.
In Nogent-le-Rotrou (Eure-et-Loir), total free access has been introduced by the municipality on the Nosbus public transport network.
The mobility payment (VM), the main resource for urban public transport, is changing this 1er January in the territory of several communities. This tax, payable by employers, is calculated on the payroll.
Several communities of municipalities have just set up the VM. In Ille-et-Vilaine, the rate is 0.35% for Liffré-Cormier Community. In Gironde, the community of communes of Réolais in South Gironde introduces the VM at the rate of 0.25%.
The CA of the Landerneau-Daoulas country begins the implementation of the VM on the peripheral municipalities with a rate of 0.25%. It was until now taken only in Landerneau at the rate of 0.45%.
The CA Saint-Louis Agglomeration (Haut-Rhin), which until now had not introduced the VM, has just fixed it at the rate of 0.6%. This tax should make it possible to collect between 2.2 and 2.9 million euros per year to finance the mobility scheme at the scale of the 40 municipalities.
In Haute-Savoie, the Syndicat Mixte des 4 Communautés de Communes has decided to institute the mobility payment as of January 1, 2023. The rate is 0.45% across the entire scope. CC Pays d’Evian Vallée d’Abondance continued to raise the rate in peripheral municipalities (+0.05 points).
In the Somme, Amiens Métropole lowers its rate from 1.8 to 2%. The same increase is taking place in the Gard for Nîmes Métropole, in the Vienne for Grand Poitiers and in the North on the territory of the joint urban transport union of the Sambre.
In Loire-Atlantique, the agglomeration community of the Nazairienne and Estuary Region raises its rate from 1.75% to 2%.
In the Haut-Rhin, Colmar Agglomeration also raises the rate, from 0.65 to 0.8%.
In the Manche, the VM rate goes from 0.45 to 0.6% in the municipalities of Saint-Lô Agglomeration.
In the Vosges, the rate applicable to all the communes of the urban community of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges is now identical at 0.55%.
In the Loire, Roannais Agglomeration increases the rate from 0.9 to 1%.
In the Lot, Grand Cahors increases the VM from 0.6 to 0.7%.
In Ain, on the territory of the urban community of the Bassin de Bourg-en-Bresse, the rate reaches 0.8% in all municipalities. It is now identical throughout the territory at the rate in force since July 2016 in the municipalities closest to Bourg-en-Bresse.
Similar situation on the territory of Evreux Portes de Normandie where all the municipalities are now at the rate of 0.9% or even on the territory of the Greater Chambéry agglomeration with a uniform rate of 1.75%.
In Allier, Vichy Community raises the rate in several municipalities, from 0.1 to 0.2%, without however reaching the rate in force in Vichy and in nearby municipalities (0.7%).
Chartres Métropole increases the rate from 1.95% to 2%. Peripheral municipalities have a lower rate which is also increasing (from 1.12% to 1.25%).
In the Tarn, Gaillac Graulhet Agglo increases the rate to 0.6%, it was previously at 0.2%, except in Gaillac where it was set at 0.55%.
As every year, the authorities prohibit the circulation of children’s public transport on certain days when traffic is very dense. The dates are defined in the decree of December 20, 2022 relating to the days of prohibition of public transport of children by vehicles assigned to the public transport of people for the year 2023. Public transport of children is prohibited on the entire road network on Saturdays August 5 and 12, 2023 from midnight to midnight. However, it remains authorized inside the department of support and in the bordering departments.
Happy New Year 2023 everyone!
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What changes in public transport in 2023? | transbus.org
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