Stray Munitions: Technology Trends

Vagrant Munition, also known as Suicide Drone and Kamikaze Drone

Wandering rounds are rounds capable of staying in the air while searching for a target, and some capable of returning to base in the event of an unsuccessful target identification. Although they function similarly to weaponized drones, it is their self-destruct capabilities that set them apart.

Stray munitions are a growing segment within unmanned munitions and systems. Although vagrancy ammunition has been in use for several decades, its use has increased significantly in recent years, and the next decade is expected to witness unprecedented market growth.

The vagrant ammunition topical research report provides an overview of the vagrant ammunition market, describes technological advancements and key programs, and provides an overview of current supply and research trends.

kamikaze drones suicide drones wandering ammunition

What are the dynamics of the vagrant ammunition market?

The stray ammunition market will benefit from increased modularity, increased reliance on artificial intelligence, use of swarm technology and increased sensor capabilities over the next ten years. The market will also greatly benefit from the increased proliferation of unmanned systems, as the widespread use of these systems drives down the cost of mutual components, with the low cost of the systems being paramount to their application.

The main technological components of the vagrant ammunition market are aerostructure, software, control, detection systems, warheads and power sources.

What are the main technological trends?

Prominent technology trends in the vagrant ammunition market are swarm technology, artificial intelligence, mission modules, vertical attack, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products, military off-the-shelf (MOTS) products, fuel and propulsion, 3D printing, processor chips, miniaturization and scalability, battery technology and composites.

Drone swarm technology

Some stray ammo can work in a swarm, such as Kronstadt’s Molniya. The application of swarm technology makes it possible to increase the functions of munitions, as well as their use to replace other solutions in missions. The ability to operate in a swarm increases unit costs, but this feature is applied to functions where solutions are typically more expensive than stray ordnance swarms, and where a more expensive unmanned system is at risk of being lost.

wandering ammunition

The new Phoenix Ghost stray munition produced by Aevex Aerospace is similar to AeroVironment’s Switchblade 300 tactical missile system, pictured here. Credit: AeroVironment.

Artificial intelligence

AI is a key symbiotic technology because it facilitates system autonomy. The AI ​​built into the system is key to the system’s ability to identify targets and determine the attack and profile of the attack (or deflection). AI for swarm technology is needed, especially for large-scale deployment.

Vertical attack

Vertical attacks are those that descend directly, giving wandering ammo increased attack options, including diving through a hatch or vent. Vertical attacks are deadlier against armored vehicles because they can target less heavily armored sections and can target the weakest point, the upper armor. As this threat grows, it is likely that newly developed armored vehicles will be increasingly exposed.

3D printing

3D printers have already proven themselves in the aerospace and defense sector, which requires precision engineering to produce high specification parts. Aerospace has seen some of the highest adoption rates, and the biggest players are transitioning from prototyping to manufacturing.

In the defense sector, saving weight is paramount to achieve high performance in terms of speed and capacity, as well as other elements such as payload, fuel consumption, emissions and aircraft safety. . This awareness leads the aerospace and defense industry to seek applications in most new products, from seat frames to air ducts.

wandering ammunition

Stray ammo is similar to drones, but is actually a weapon. Credit: 80’s Child / Shutterstock.

processor chips

Microprocessors serve as control centers for unmanned vehicles, providing a platform for control and communication software that integrates with collision avoidance sensors, high definition cameras and other sensors. Advances in chip design are leading to smaller, better performing and less expensive chips, helping to lower the cost of manufacturing unmanned vehicles.

Chipmakers are expanding the capabilities of system-on-chip (SoC) components to combine multiple sensing and processing elements on a single chip. ARM-based processors from companies such as NXP Semiconductors and STMicroelectronics are among the most powerful on the market, with an emphasis on low power and low cost.

Miniaturization and scalability

In order to improve flight performance and expand capabilities, drone manufacturers are increasing drone technology to provide greater load capacity and endurance, and reducing it to offer low-cost surveillance drones and short. The miniaturization of sensors reduces the size and weight of drones as well as energy requirements.

Size, weight, and power consumption (SWaP) parameters are particularly important for military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to support effective intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions.

This is an excerpt from the report Loitering Munitions – Thematic Research produced by GlobalData Thematic Research.

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Stray Munitions: Technology Trends


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