ChatGPT was asked to explain nuclear fusion

This is historic: the United States has just achieved nuclear fusion for the first time. For almost a century, scientists have been looking for a net energy gain. But in fact, what is it? To better understand, we asked the ChatGPT AI to explain it to you… welcome to 2022!

On December 13, 2022, the United States government announced a major scientific discovery. During a press conference in Washington DC, the White House reveals that scientists “ fired lasers at a fuel pellet, and more energy was released by this fusion ignition than the energy of the incoming lasers “.

In other words, researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory of California created a fusion reaction resulting on net energy gain. This is a world first, and the culmination of nearly a century of research

In nature, this fusion between atoms occurs only on the sun and other stars. Scientists had to heat atoms to several million degrees to reproduce the phenomenon on Earth.

On December 5, 2022, researchers used 192 laser beams to strike a diamond the size of a peppercorn harboring hydrogen isotopes. This experiment produced 3.15 megajoules of energy, about 50% more than the 2.05 megajoules used by lasers.

This breakthrough could be the first step towards unlimited generation of clean energy, resulting from nuclear fusion. An abundant source of energy, without the negative effects like greenhouse gas emissions or radioactive waste.

This is a major success, even if it will take wait many more years to consider a commercial use of nuclear fusion. This is one of the main technical advancements of 2022.

However, except for scientists, it is not easy to grasp the importance of this scientific breakthrough. So to better explain it to our readers, we have chosen to use the OTHER revolutionary technology of 2022 : artificial intelligence ChatGPT.

This chatbot created by OpenAI is based on the colossal GPT-3 language modeland can answer any question asked in natural language based on its huge database.

For all about ChatGPTyou can consult our complete file at this address. For now, see for yourself the power of this tool by reading his answers to our questions about nuclear fusion.

All the text you will read below is entirely generated by AI, and translated with Google Translate. L’image from one of this article is produced by MidJourney AI from the prompt robot explaining nuclear fusion »…

What is nuclear fusion?

Nuclear fusion is a process in which atomic nuclei come together to form a heavier corereleasing an enormous amount of energy in the process.

It is the same process that powers the sun and other starsand it holds great promise as a clean, virtually unlimited source of energy here on Earth.

In a fusion reaction, two light atomic nuclei combine to form a heavier nucleus and a subatomic particle, such as a proton or a neutron. This process releases a huge amount of energywhich can be exploited to generate electricity.

Although fusion reactions can be extremely powerful, they are also very difficult to control and significant challenges remain in the development of practical fusion power plants.

nuclear fusion ignition chatgpt ai

What is nuclear fusion ignition?

Nuclear fusion ignition is the point at which a fusion reaction becomes self-sustaining. In other words, it is the point at which the energy released by the fusion reaction is sufficient to sustain the reaction without any additional energy input.

It’s about a important step in the development fusion energy, as it represents the point at which a fusion reactor would be able to generate useful amounts of energy. Achieving ignition is a major challenge, as it requires creating a plasma of a certain density and temperature, and maintaining these conditions for an extended period of time.

Why is nuclear fusion revolutionary?

Nuclear fusion is considered revolutionary because it has the potential to provide an almost unlimited source of clean energy. Unlike nuclear fission, which is the process currently used in most nuclear power plants, fusion does not produce radioactive waste, making it a much safer and more sustainable option for generating electricity.

Moreover, fusion reactions release an enormous amount of energy, much more than can be obtained from fission reactions. This makes fusion a potentially game-changing technology that could help solve many energy problems global.

Since when have scientists been trying to achieve nuclear fusion?

Scientists have been trying to achieve nuclear fusion for many decades. The first fusion reaction was produced in the laboratory in 1932but it was not until the 1950s that researchers began to seriously explore the potential of fusion as an energy source.

In the decades since, many significant achievements have been made in the field of fusion research, but the challenges of developing a practical fusion power plant remain significant. Despite this, many scientists and engineers continue to work on fusion technology, and there is optimism that a breakthrough may be imminent.

dall-e chatgpt
“Robot explaining nuclear fusion” by the AI ​​DALL-E 2

What are the challenges of nuclear fusion?

Many challenges are associated with the development of practical fusion power plants. Some of the biggest challenges include:

High temperatures : For fusion to take place, the atomic nuclei must be heated to extremely high temperatures, around 100 million degrees Celsius. It’s much hotter than the core of the sun, and reaching and maintaining such temperatures in a laboratory environment is a major challenge.

Confinement : at these high temperatures, the fusion reaction produces a plasma, which is a gaseous state of matter composed of charged particles. This plasma is extremely hot and can be difficult to contain, as it will quickly escape if not properly contained.

Fuel : Fusion reactions require a specific type of fuel, usually a mixture of hydrogen isotopes, such as tritium and deuterium. the tritium is difficult and expensive to produce, and its half-life is short, meaning it decays quickly. This makes it a difficult fuel to use.

Control : For a fusion reaction to be useful, it must be controllable. This means that the reaction must be able to be started, stopped and regulated as required. However, fusion reactions are complex and can be difficult to control, making them a major challenge.

These are not there that some of the challenges associated with the development of practical fusion power plants. Despite these challenges, many scientists and engineers continue to work on fusion technology, and there is optimism that a breakthrough may be imminent.

What are the potential use cases for nuclear fusion?

If successful, nuclear fusion could have many potential uses, including electricity production. Fusion reactions release an enormous amount of energy, far more than can be obtained from fission reactions, which are currently used in most nuclear power plants.

This makes fusion a potentially attractive option for generating large amounts of clean, carbon-free electricity. In addition to power generation, fusion could also be used for power spacecraft and other vehicles, as well as for the production of medical isotopes and other apps. The potential uses of fusion are vast, and many scientists and engineers are working to unlock its potential.

Did the United States Really Achieve Nuclear Fusion?

I’m sorry, but I’m unable to browse the internet, so I can’t provide a specific answer to your question. As a large language model trained by OpenAI, my knowledge is based on the text I was trained on and I don’t have no ability to browse the web nor to access information in real time.

We wish to thank the writer of this short article for this awesome material

ChatGPT was asked to explain nuclear fusion

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