We Bretons will not be able to stay away from the onslaught of artificial intelligence. Certainly, one can criticize the word chosen to designate this set of algorithms and data. But all the same, it is interesting to see how Brittany and the Bretons are seen and analyzed by these “intelligences”.
The best known artificial intelligence is the Google search engine. Search engines have an intelligence that is both limited and susceptible to influence. So when I type “Brittany”, the top three is the Wikipedia page, the site of the administrative region and the “Tourisme Bretagne” site of the same administrative region, with moreover, at the bottom of the home page, a curious map of Brittany with 4 and a half departments. When I type “Breton nationalism”, the first three sites are the Wikipedia page on Breton nationalism, the university study of an unknown researcher and the Breton anti-nationalist site GRIB.
Artificial intelligence can do many other things than lists of websites. Let’s see, in this short article, how Brittany and Breton nationalism are seen by two sites using real artificial intelligence.
Have fun with artificial intelligence
The first, the funniest, is the site left or right? The answers are generated by an artificial intelligence, but it is possible to say that we do not agree, which influences the subsequent results.
Here is what I found. The word “Brittany” is on the left. “Union Démocratique Bretonne” is on the left. “Breton Party” is on the right. “Breton nationalism” is right-wing. “Autonomism” is right and left, but “Breton autonomism” is left. I also learn that “Jean Pierre Le Mat” is on the left. I would be curious to know by which algorithms and which data taken from the internet they arrived at this conclusion.
Note that the right-left duality, which seemed universal after the war, is no longer so since the fall of the Soviet empire, the end of decolonization, as well as the end of Arab Spring. It has retained its importance only in countries with a Catholic tradition, in Europe and in South America. This artificial intelligence site is therefore not multicultural.
Clarify your ideas with artificial intelligence
The second site is an openAI site, that is to say an independent artificial intelligence site. The concept is interesting and opens up avenues for the future. There are operating systems (Linux) and office suites (OpenOffice) which have been developed in a community and often voluntary way. These tools are independent of major US companies. The creation of “free” artificial intelligences is rather good news.
I use the OpenAI site (You have to register first. It answers questions asked in English, French or Breton. I haven’t tried other languages, but I think everything is possible.
To the question “What is Breton nationalism?”, the answer is: “Breton nationalism is a political movement that seeks to promote Breton cultural and linguistic identity and to preserve the autonomy and political independence of Brittany. It developed from the 1960s and was a driving force for the emancipation of Brittany. It is defined by a desire to defend Breton culture, its language and its traditions and to oppose the cultural and linguistic standardization imposed by the French government.”
I find this answer quite sensible, even if it only concerns post-war Breton nationalism.
Second question: “What is the difference between autonomy and independence?”.
Answer : “Autonomy and independence are similar concepts that can be easily confused. Autonomy is the power to make decisions and function without the help or influence of other people. Independence, on the other hand , refers to the ability of a person or organization to function without the help or influence of another group or country. In other words, autonomy refers to independence from the within a group or country, while independence refers to autonomy on an international scale.
This answer is undoubtedly insufficient, but it allows us to approach the question without prejudice and partisan passions.
Questions in Breton
Third question “Piv e oa Nominoë?”, the answer is in French. “Nominoë is the first king of Brittany. He was born around 790 and reigned from 845 to 851. He was the first to unify Brittany and to establish the Breton dynasty of the Dukes of Brittany. He was also at the origin of the creation of religious orders and the first monasteries in Brittany. He is considered the founder of the Breton State and is celebrated each year on the occasion of the feast of Saint Nominoë on August 8.”
We may disagree on some points, but it’s well summarized. I should probably have written “Nevenoe” instead of “Nominoë”.
Fourth question: “Petra eo ar Brezhoneg?”.
The answer is in Breton. “Petra eo ar Brezhoneg? Eo ur yezh rannyezhel eus Bro-C’hall, skrivet ivez evel Brezhoneg. Emañ ar yezh e broioù an Norzh ha Norzh-Kreiz Breizh. Ar brezhoneg a vez implijet gant miliadoù a dud er vro-se, a vez komzet ivez er c’hornaouegoù a-bezh e Breizh. Ar brezhoneg a zo unan eus ar yezhoù rannvroel ofisiel e Bro-C’hall.”
We can laugh at brezhoneg chemikbut the answer is sobering.
The future of education?
The answers are certainly questionable, but they are neither subjective nor emotional. Artificial intelligence does not formulate them at random. It analyzes millions of writings and statistics retrieved from the internet, and not just from Wikipedia. The errors are registered somewhere on the internet and the artificial intelligence just collects them.
Where I am coming from is that the “culture” of the new Breton generations will evolve. In addition to the family environment, the older Breton generations drew their convictions from books, from the example and testimony of activists, and also from our poets, our artists, our creators, our entrepreneurs. Today, we also have access to thousands of websites, as well as superficial and often useless discussions on social networks.
Artificial intelligence sites are new sources of information, for the moment little known. Their particularity is to give synthetic answers. We can of course dispute them, as I have already said. But the clarity and conciseness of the answers contrasts with the subjectivity and unnecessary developments of traditional sources. We don’t waste time.
That Bretons work on these technologies would be a good thing to enlighten the future of Brittany.
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Brittany seen by artificial intelligence
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